Performance-Based Planning & Programming

Performance Management

A national performance-based planning requirement for federal, state, and regional agencies was originally established in 2012, with the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) surface transportation program, in order to tie investments to transportation system performance. It was continued in 2015 with the passage of the federal transportation bill, Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. FAST Act continues the aggressive path toward performance-based planning and more specifically, performance-based transportation outcomes. Several divisions of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) are responsible for administering the national surface transportation, performance-based planning program with rule-making oversight by the FHWA and FTA. The performance management framework is based upon seven (7) national goals established MAP- 21 and FAST Act.

National Performance Goals

  • Safety—To achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads.
  • Infrastructure condition—To maintain the highway infrastructure asset system in a state of good
  • Congestion reduction—To achieve a signifi- cant reduction in congestion on the
  • System reliability—To improve the efficiency of the surface transportation system.
  • Freight movement and economic vitality—To improve the national freight network, strength- en the ability of rural communities to access national and international trade markets, and support regional economic
  • Environmental sustainability—To enhance the performance of the transportation system while protecting and enhancing the natural en-
  • Reduced project delivery delays—To reduce project costs, promote jobs and the econo- my, and expedite the movement of  people  and goods by accelerating project completion through eliminating delays in the project devel- opment and delivery

Federally mandated rules associated with performance management have also been released, which include requirements for MPOs, State DOTs, and  transit  agencies to establish performance targets. Another significant component of performance management is monitoring and reporting on transportation system performance.








Number of Fatalities
Rate of Fatalities
Number of Serious Injuries
Rate of Serious Injuries
Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Non-Motorized Serious Injuries


Infrastructure Condition





Percentage of Pavements in Good Condition (Interstate)
Percentage of Pavements in Poor Condition (Interstate)
Percentage of Pavements in Good Condition (Non-Interstate NHS)
Percentage of Pavements in Poor Condition (Non-Interstate NHS)
Percentage of Bridges in Good Condition (NHS)
Percentage of Bridges in Poor Condition (NHS)
System Reliability  




System Performance

Percent of Reliable Person-Miles Traveled (Interstate)
Percent of Reliable Person-Miles Traveled (Non-Interstate NHS)
Freight Movement & Economic Vitality Truck Travel Time Reliability (TTTR) for the Interstate System
Environmental Sustainability Total Emissions Reduction
Congestion Reduction Annual Hours of Peak Hour Excessive Delay (PHED) Per Capita on the National Highway System (NHS)
Percent of Non-Single Occupancy Vehicle (SOV) Travel

Federal Performance Measures & Targets

Federally required performance measures, targets, and plans are organized into five performance areas within the seven national goals:  Safety, Infrastructure Condition, System Performance, Transit Assets, and Transit Safety.  State DOTs, MPOs, and transit providers are responsible for carrying out a series of data collection, monitoring, and reporting activities associated with these categories.  Click each icon below for more information.

SAfety Roads Meter Asset Alert
Safety Infrastructure Condition SystemPerformance Transit Asset Transit Safety