Implementation and funding issues can pose some of the biggest hurdles to aligning transportation projects with livability goals. Growing budget constraints have forced transportation agencies to explore alternative funding sources, while still following multiple funding and regulatory criteria for planning and project selection. Planning and transportation agencies have usually focused largely on vehicular mobility and capacity when allocating project funds. As many of the case studies demonstrate, aligning transportation investments with community livability goals can improve transportation system performance and coordinate additional public and private investment.
In a climate of severe budget constraints, a practical set of phased infrastructure improvements coordinated with local land development decisions can maximize the effectiveness of existing transportation investments. Many regional scenario planning studies have compared the impacts and costs of continued dispersed development against a strategy of infill and compact growth around existing town centers. Compact, village-scaled development patterns can have far less impact on fields, forest, farmland, air, and water quality, while reducing project costs. A balanced, multimodal transportation network can 1) improve connections throughout the region; 2) improve mobility within neighborhoods, towns, and counties; and 3) increase transportation choices that foster livable communities.
Several approaches can be used to achieve these goals:
•Getting the regional vision and State policies aligned with livability principles
•Using corridor and area plan-level strategies to identify multimodal networks
•Using project-level and operational strategies to develop cost-effective improvements
•Developing innovative, realistic funding strategies with partners
As livability principles are incorporated into transportation project implementation, the most successful examples will include new policies at the State, regional, and local levels; strong public, private, and community partnerships; innovative multimodal designs; and innovation in building, operating, and maintaining the system. As State and regional agencies adjust their project selection and funding criteria to meet broad community livability goals, they will want to be met halfway with commitments from local partners that transportation investments will be sustainable and supported by local land use regulations, infrastructure investments, and ongoing operational and access management decisions.
- Project Solicitation and Ranking Process
- Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP)
- State and Metropolitan Transportation Improvement Program (STIP)
- Metropolitan Transportation Improvement Program (MTIP)
- STI Law Information
Preliminary STIP Transportation Project lists for highways, bicycle/pedestrian, and public transportation can be found by clicking on each list name. Statewide lists can be found here.